Mechanism of ternary breakup in the reaction 197Au+197Au at 15A MeV

New paper with ImQMD model:
Mechanism of ternary breakup in the reaction 197Au+197Au at 15A MeV

Junlong Tian, Xizhen Wu, Zhuxia Li, et al.,  Phys. Rev. C 82, 054608 (2010)

The mechanism of the ternary breakup of the very heavy system 197Au+197Au at an energy of 15A MeV has been studied by using the improved quantum molecular dynamics model. The calculation results reproduce the characteristic features in ternary breakup events explored in a series of experiments; i.e., the masses of three fragments are comparable in size and the very fast, nearly collinear breakup of the colliding system is dominant in the ternary breakup events. Further, the evolution of the time scales of different ternary reaction modes and the behavior of mass distributions of three fragments with impact parameters are studied. The time evolution of the configurations of the composite reaction systems is also studied. We find that for most of the ternary breakup events with the features found in the experiments, the configuration of the composite system has two-preformed-neck shape. The study shows that those ternary breakup events having the characteristic features found in the experiments happen at relatively small impact parameter reactions, but not at peripheral reactions. The ternary breakup reaction at peripheral reactions belongs to binary breakup with a neck emission.